- 2.1Base values
- 2.2Tuples
- 2.3Records
- 2.4Arrays
- 2.5Variant values
- 2.6Polymorphic variants
- 2.7Functions
- 2.8Objects

This section describes the kinds of values that are manipulated by OCaml programs.

Integer values are integer numbers from −2^{30} to 2^{30}−1, that
is −1073741824 to 1073741823. The implementation may support a
wider range of integer values: on 64-bit platforms, the current
implementation supports integers ranging from −2^{62} to 2^{62}−1.

Floating-point values are numbers in floating-point representation. The current implementation uses double-precision floating-point numbers conforming to the IEEE 754 standard, with 53 bits of mantissa and an exponent ranging from −1022 to 1023.

Character values are represented as 8-bit integers between 0 and 255. Character codes between 0 and 127 are interpreted following the ASCII standard. The current implementation interprets character codes between 128 and 255 following the ISO 8859-1 standard.

String values are finite sequences of characters. The current
implementation supports strings containing up to 2^{24} − 5
characters (16777211 characters); on 64-bit platforms, the limit is
2^{57} − 9.

Tuples of values are written (v_{1}, …, v_{n}), standing for the
n-tuple of values v_{1} to v_{n}. The current implementation
supports tuple of up to 2^{22} − 1 elements (4194303 elements).

Record values are labeled tuples of values. The record value written
{ field_{1} = v_{1}; …; field_{n} = v_{n} } associates the value
v_{i} to the record field field_{i}, for i = 1 … n. The current
implementation supports records with up to 2^{22} − 1 fields
(4194303 fields).

Arrays are finite, variable-sized sequences of values of the same
type. The current implementation supports arrays containing up to
2^{22} − 1 elements (4194303 elements) unless the elements are
floating-point numbers (2097151 elements in this case); on 64-bit
platforms, the limit is 2^{54} − 1 for all arrays.

Variant values are either a constant constructor, or a non-constant
constructor applied to a number of values. The former case is written
constr; the latter case is written constr (v_{1}, ... , v_{n}
), where the v_{i} are said to be the arguments of the non-constant
constructor constr. The parentheses may be omitted if there is only
one argument.

The following constants are treated like built-in constant constructors:

Constant | Constructor |

false | the boolean false |

true | the boolean true |

() | the “unit” value |

[] | the empty list |

The current implementation limits each variant type to have at most
246 non-constant constructors and 2^{30}−1 constant constructors.

Polymorphic variants are an alternate form of variant values, not belonging explicitly to a predefined variant type, and following specific typing rules. They can be either constant, written `tag-name, or non-constant, written `tag-name(v).

Functional values are mappings from values to values.

Objects are composed of a hidden internal state which is a record of instance variables, and a set of methods for accessing and modifying these variables. The structure of an object is described by the toplevel class that created it.

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Recherche en Informatique et en Automatique